Ohio Youth Assessment System

The OYAS Department provides three different court services, which include OYAS, EMHA, and DYS Reentry Court 
OYAS stands for Ohio Youth Assessment System; it is a risk assessment tool that was developed for the state, by the University of Cincinnati, along with several pilot counties in the state (Mahoning being one of them). The following are descriptions of the tools.
  • Diversion: This tool is designed to assist juvenile courts to identify youth who can be safely diverted from further contact in the juvenile justice system. This tool consists of 6 items and can be completed from a file review or interview in about ten minutes.
  • Detention: This instrument is geared for use with youth being considered for    detention. It will allow for low risk youth to be diverted from detention prior to a court hearing. This instrument consists of 6 items and is completed through a brief face-to-face interview, which takes about 10 minutes to complete.
  • Disposition: For those youth adjudicated by the court, this comprehensive tool will assess the risk of reoffending, identify important criminogenic needs as well as barriers to treatment, and provide case planning capabilities. This tool covers seven domains, including criminal history, family, education/employment, pro-social skill sets, substance abuse/mental health/personality, peers, and antisocial attitudes.
  • Residential: This tool provides residential programs the ability to accurately assess youth’s level of risk and areas of criminogenic needs. Similar to the Disposition tool, the Residential tool includes seven domain areas.
  • Reentry: The Reentry tool provides programs an opportunity to reassess youth after being in a residential program for an extended period of time.
At the court we utilize the tool that best fits the needs of the student. Along with the disposition tool the OYAS department also creates a supplementary report that not only encompasses the risk but takes a look at the overall history of the youth before they are sentenced.

EMHA stands for electronically monitored house arrest. EMHA is an alternative to being placed in detention. A student who is placed on EMHA is required to attend school and any other preapproved meetings such as doctor appointments, counseling appointment, or other services that benefit the youth. Other than court approved activities the youth should be at home and when they are in violation the court receives notifications of their activities.

Reentry Court
Reentry Court is a specialized court docket where youth, upon their return from the Department of Youth Services, attend review hearings were the reentry team consisting of both state and local services, make recommendations to the court that will allow the youth to make the best transition possible from DYS to home or their new placement. We also set up Family Video conferences for students already at DYS. This not only allows the youth to visit their family, it also allows the reentry team’s staff to build a relationship with their family prior to their release.